Bamboo
Bamboo plays a very significant roll in Japans culture and society. It grows all through Japan both wild and grown for cultivation. It has many uses such as building supplies for fences, decorations, tatami mats, walls, gates, paper, weapons, dishes, utensils, containers and musical instruments. Its also used in forms of art such as paintings, carvings and patterns on clothing. There are also many stories, poems and songs written about bamboo. Bamboo is strong and fast growing; therefor it is a very useful plant.
take タケ(竹)
Bark juhi じゅひ(樹皮)
Barley oomugi オオムギ(大麦)
Basil bajiru バジル
Birch kabanoki カバノキ(樺の木)
Bonsai
Bonsai is a traditional form of Japanese art using miniature trees grown in containers. This tradition dates back thousands of years and is still practiced today. It requires a lot of time and care. Often it includes techniques such as leaf trimming and pruning. Bonsai require specialized care. Wild planted trees have large roots, however bonsai are planted in a small container so their roots are not able to grow long. Therefor they are highly subjective to malnutrition.
bonsai 盆栽(ぼんさい)
Chives chaibu チャイブ
Duckweed ukikusa ウキクサ
Ginko ichou イチョウ
Hinoki
Hinoki is a species of cypress native to Japan. It is grown for high quality timber in Japan that is used for building temples, shrines and baths. The wood is lemon scented. This tree is also one of the main causes of hay fever in Japan.
hinoki ヒノキ(檜)
Horsetail tokusa トクサ
Keyaki
Keyaki is a species of tree native to East Asia. It's often used in bonsai. This tree is characterised by a short trunk and a round top head.
keyaki ケヤキ(欅)
Lawn shiba しば(芝)
Leaf ha は(葉)
Maple kaede カエデ(楓)
Matsu
Matsu is a type of pine tree located in Japan. This tree has different breeds that can be found throughout Japan.
matsu 松(マツ)
Momiji
Momiji is a plant similar to maple that grows throughout Asia. Its leaves grow in the spring bright red and change from red to green, and then again in the fall they turn to red before they die. Generally this trees trunk is not very thick but it can grow pretty big.
momiji モミジ(紅葉)
Oak ooku オーク
Palm tree yashi ヤシ(椰子)
Poplar popura ポプラ
Resin (sap) jushi 樹脂(じゅし)
Root ne ね(根)
Rosemary roozumarii ローズマリー
Sakura
Sakura are Japanese cherry trees which are most commonly known for their beautiful flowers they produce in the spring time. The flowers come in many different colours, depending on the breed of tree (white, pink, dark pink, purple). The leaves and petals are edible and are often found in different Japanese snacks (sakura tea, candy, mochi, sauce).
sakura サクラ(桜)
Sugi
Sugi is the national tree of Japan and can be found planted around many shrines and temples. Sugi is often mistranslated into English as Japanese cedar, but it has no relation to the cedar family of trees at all. These trees can be found in deep forest and are very tall and wide. They have been known to reach 70m tall and 4m wide. Sugi is one of the major causes of hay fever in Japan as a lot of people are allergic to its pollen.
sugi スギ(杉)
Ume
Ume is a tree native to Asia. It produces edible fruit which are often used in Japanese cooking (ume flavoured candy, ume wine). It often blooms before Sakura. The flowers come in different colours (white, pink, purple). Often in English it is translated as plum or apricot, though it is neither. Itís a separate species of plants.
ume ウメ(梅)
Willow yanagi ヤナギ
Yamanarashi
This tree is a type of Aspen tree that grows in areas of asia. It has greyish white trunk and rounded leaves.
yamanarashi ヤマナラシ(山鳴らし)